Chapter 26. The Brahmin (Arhat)
383. Stop the stream valiantly, drive away the desires, O Brahmin! When you have understood the destruction of all that was made, you will understand that which was not made.
384. If the Brahmin has reached the other shore in both laws in restraint and contemplation, all bonds vanish from him who has obtained knowledge.
385. He for whom there is neither this nor that shore, nor both, him, the fearless and unshackled, I call indeed a Brahmin.
386. He who is thoughtful, blameless, settled, dutiful, without passions, and who has attained the highest end, him I call indeed a Brahmin.
387. The sun is bright by day, the moon shines by night, the warrior is bright in his armour, the Brahmin is bright in his meditation; but the Buddha is bright with splendour day and night.
388. Because a man is rid of evil, therefore he is called Brahmin; because he walks quietly, therefore he is called a holy ascetic; because he has sent away his own impurities, therefore he is called a holy pilgrim.
389. No one should attack a Brahmin, but no Brahmin if attacked should let himself madly fly at his aggressor! Woe to him who strikes a Brahmin, more woe to him who madly flies at his aggressor!
390. It advantages a Brahmin not a little if he holds his mind back from the pleasures of life; when all wish to injure has vanished, pain will cease.
391. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who does not offend by body, word, or thought, and is controlled on these three points.
392. After a man has once understood the True Law as taught by the Buddha, let him honour it carefully, as the Brahmin honours the sacrificial fire.
393. A man does not become a Brahmin by his platted hair, by his family, or by birth; in whom there is truth and righteousness, he is blessed, he is a Brahmin.
394. What is the use of platted hair, O fool! what of the raiment of goat-skins? Within thee there is ravening, but the outside thou makest clean.
395. The man who wears dirty raiments, who is emaciated and covered with veins, who lives alone in the forest, and meditates, him I call indeed a Brahmin.
396. I do not call a man a Brahmin because of his origin or of his mother. He is indeed arrogant, and he is wealthy: but the poor, who is free from all attachments, him I call indeed a Brahmin.
397. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who has cut all fetters, who never trembles, is independent and unshackled of impure thoughts.
398. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who has cut the strap and the thong, the chain with all that pertains to it, who has burst the bar, and is awakened from his sleep.
399. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who, though he has committed no offence, endures reproach, bonds, and stripes, who has endurance for his force, and strength for his army.
400. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who is free from anger, dutiful, virtuous, without appetite, who is subdued, and has received his last body.
401. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who does not cling to pleasures, like water on a lotus leaf, like a mustard seed on the point of a needle.
402. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who, even here, knows the end of his suffering, has put down his burden, and is unshackled.
403. Him I call indeed a Brahmin whose knowledge is deep, who possesses wisdom, who knows the right way and the wrong, and has attained the highest end.
404. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who keeps aloof both from laymen and from mendicants, who frequents no houses, and has but few desires.
405. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who finds no fault with other beings, whether feeble or strong, and does not murder nor cause mass slaughter.
406. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who is tolerant with the intolerant, mild with fault-finders, and free from passion among the passionate.
407. Him I call indeed a Brahmin from whom anger and hatred, pride and envy have fallen away like a mustard seed from the point of a needle.
408. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who utters true speech, instructive and free from harshness, so that he offend no one.
409. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who takes nothing in the world that is not given him, be it long or short, small or large, good or bad.
410. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who fosters no desires for this world or for the next, has no inclinations, and is unshackled.
411. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who has no interests, and when he has understood the truth, does not say How? or Why? and who has surpassed death.
412. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who in this world is above good and evil, above the bondage of both, free from grief from sin, and from impurity.
413. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who is bright like the moon, pure, serene, undisturbed, without dark clouds.
414. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who has traversed this miry road, the impassable world and its vanity, who has gone through, and reached the other shore, is thoughtful, guileless, free from doubts, free from attachment, and content.
415. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who in this world, leaving all desires, travels about without a home, and in whom all concupiscence is extinct.
416. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who, leaving all longings, travels about without a home, and in whom all covetousness is extinct.
417. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who, after leaving all bondage to men, has risen above all limitations of the flying immortals (angelic-like celestial beings), and is free from all and every human limitation.
418. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who has left what gives pleasure and what gives pain, who is cold, and free from all germs of renewed life, the hero who has conquered all the worlds.
419. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who knows the destruction and the return of beings everywhere, who is free from bondage, welfaring, and awakened.
420. Him I call indeed a Brahmin whose path the celestial beings do not know, nor spirits, nor men, whose passions are extinct, and who is an Arhat (venerable person, saint-like).
421. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who calls nothing his own, whether it be before, behind, or between, who is poor, and free from the love of the world.
422. Him I call indeed a Brahmin, the manly, the noble, the hero, the great sage, the conqueror, the impassible, the accomplished, the awakened.
423. Him I call indeed a Brahmin who knows his former abodes, who sees heaven and hell, has reached the end of births, is perfect in knowledge, a sage, and whose perfections are all perfect.